|Topic||Guidelines for parents and carers|
|Publisher||Skylight and SKIP, 2004|
If you use anger to cover other feelings of distress, and let it out in ways that can cause harm to yourself or others, that’s not good.
Anger is a normal emotion – it affects everyone at times. Often anger covers up other emotions such as stress, embarrassment, fear, hurt or helplessness.
Sometimes people bottle up their anger and don’t let it out. This can make them feel sad and can really hurt them if they don’t deal with it. Other times anger can overwhelm a person – they get so caught up in emotion that they do or say things they later regret.
It's never okay for someone to be violent or hurt someone else just because they are angry. There are other ways to express anger that don't hurt anybody.
Children are usually never angry about nothing, no matter how trivial or silly it may sound to parents. If you can take time to understand what is going on, you are well placed to help your child understand how to get what they need without hurting others, and how to express anger in ways that don’t cause others distress. They also need to understand that anger is normal, we all have it, but it’s how we show it that counts.
While disagreements and moods are normal during adolescence in particular, it’s important that parents be able to recognise what is and is not normal behaviour. Arguments with your adolescent are probably common occurrences as they begin to seek independence.
Behaviours such as violence towards you or another of your children, missing school, getting into fights, constant and bitter arguments and run-ins with the police are all signs of behaviour that has gone beyond normal.
If you see any of these behaviours, it’s important that you seek help for your child. The school counselor might be a good place to start for a teenager.
With a child or teenager, anger is usually apparent and explosive. By adulthood, most of us have learnt to manage this.
If you have ever felt so furious you have not been able to control yourself, or if anyone has asked if you have an anger problem then you probably do.
Other signs of being affected by anger could be less obvious and include:
If you fear you might harm or kill yourself it is vital that you seek help immediately.
At some point you will decide you need to talk to someone about your anger, or your child’s anger. Starting with your doctor is helpful as they can recommend counsellors and therapists to talk to.
Anger may be a symptom of another mental health condition, so it’s important that your doctor spends time with you to get a full understanding of the difficulties you have had, both from you and your family’s perspective.
Your doctor will also help with any related issues, such as drug or alcohol use, that may be causing you concern.
Treatment of anger can involve a number of aspects, each of which can be tailored to your individual need. For most, talking therapies, which help you understand and help resolve what is causing anger, are positive places to start. Whether it’s for you, your teenager or child, there are age appropriate services that your doctor will advise you about.
These are non-medical treatments that address your emotional needs such as your thinking, behaviour, relationships and environment. This involves talking with a trained professional who uses clinically researched talking therapies, to assess and help you understand what has happened, and to help you make positive changes in your life.
If you are suffering from depression, antidepressant medication in conjunction with therapy has proven effective.
You should be told what effects you should notice from any medication, receive clear instructions about how you should take them and what precautions are necessary.
If you are pregnant or breast feeding no medication is entirely safe.
The term complementary therapy is generally used to indicate therapies and treatments that differ from conventional western medicine and that may be used to complement and support it.
Certain complementary therapies may enhance your life and help you to maintain wellbeing. In general, mindfulness, hypnotherapy, yoga, exercise, relaxation, massage, mirimiri and aromatherapy have all been shown to have some effect in alleviating mental distress.
It is also really important to look after your physical wellbeing. Make sure you get an annual check up with your doctor. Being in good physical health will also help your mental health.